Antenna: Antenna, router and radio are often confused- see our FAQ
AP: a wifi Access Point
ASN: Autonomous System Number that identifies your network on BGP for peering. Our number is AS395853
Backhaul: very high bandwidth connections, often point to point.
BGP: This is the routing protocol of the Internet. We use it extensively to mesh our network and connect at an IXP
BMX6: An ad-hoc mesh protocol we use. (BatMan eXperimental 6)
BuB: “Bottom up Broadband” The beneficiaries of the networks actively participate in the planning, deployment and maintenance tasks.
Captive portal: a web page that is shown before connecting to the Internet normally
Cjdns: Caleb James DeLisle’s Network Suite. Encrypted IPv6 mesh protocol.
Clearnet: the regular internet as opposed to the hidden web (Tor, I2P, Freenet)
Commons: The commons include public libraries, the Internet, parks and roads and some mesh networks. Guifi has a “Wireless Commons License”.
CPE: Customer premises equipment (e.g. a LiteBeam, NanoStation, home router). ISP jargon
Dark fiber: fiber cable that is not connected.
DHCP: or “Automatic” setting will automatically try to get you an IP address and subnet mask
FFTF: Fiber From The Farms Broadband Initiative – Guifi term for BuB
FNF: Free Network Foundation
Guifi: The largest community owned network, based in Catalonia, Spain
IPv4: the most common version of the Internet Protocol (IP), An IPv4 address consists of four octets e.g.
IPv6: 6th version of Internet Protocol. Designed to replace IPv4. e.g. 2001:db8:0:1:1:1:1:1
ISP: Internet Service Provider
HNA: Host and Network Association information used by mesh protocols
LIR: local Internet registry, an organization that has been allocated a block of IP addresses by a regional Internet registry (RIR)
LuCI: (pronounced Lucy) Lua Unified Configuration Interface, the web interface in OpenWRT
MANET: Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork
NAT: Network address translation- a method of remapping one IP address space into another
node: WiFi router or other routing devices in a particular location on a network
OLSR: Optimized Link State Routing Protocol (popular mesh protocol)
OpenWRT: Open source Wireless Receiver/Transmitter (WRT) software
OSPF: a popular dynamic routing protocol
Peering An agreement between two networks two connect and exchange traffic without charge
P2P: Point-to-point connection between two antennas
P2MP: Point-to-multipoint connection, e.g. between one sector antenna and multiple smaller antennas
POE: Power over ethernet (how Ubiquiti routers get 24 volt power)
Radio: The wireless receiver/transmitter part of a router
Router: Antenna, router and radio are often confused- see our FAQ
RIR: Regional Internet registry
SSID: Service set identification- the Wi-Fi access point name
WAP: Wireless Access Point
WDS: Wireless Distribution System, A mesh protocol we use
WISP: Wireless ISP
WNDW: Wireless Networking in the Developing World – essential book
WRT: Wireless Receiver/Transmitter software (WRT)